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مروری بر امنیت جهانی گاز-آژانس بین المللی انرژی 2016 ۱۰ آذر


نام لاتین:Iea-Global Gas Security Review 2016

کد مطلب:DT-062


Energy security has been the core of the International Energy Agency (IEA) mission since its foundation in 1974. At the time, the aim was to ensure the security of oil supplies amid geopolitical tensions. While the world has since changed, this mission remains at the core of our mandate and is the foundation for the IEA’s expertise on energy markets.
The IEA has also evolved. Since I became Executive Director last year, we have opened our doors to some of the key emerging countries, reflecting the fact that the growth in energy demand around the world now comes from the developing world. Since 2015, the People’s Republic of China, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore and Morocco have all joined the IEA family as association countries. And Mexico and Chile are in talks to join our organisation as well.
Faced with the threat of climate change, we are also helping to steer governments towards a clean energy transition. The IEA has become a hub for clean energy technologies and is a global leader in understanding the future role of renewables and energy efficiency in the global energy system.
Still, our security mandate remains critical. In fact, we have broadened our definition of energy security as we witnessed the emergence of new energy security challenges beyond the oil markets. These include electricity stability and integration, and, of course, they include gas.
In response to these new challenges, our member countries tasked us to add gas security as a new IEA mandate. As this report shows, the security of natural gas supplies should not be taken for granted. It is true that the growth in the global gas trade, and the diversification of supply sources, bring important supply security benefits to consumers. But this globalisation of the trade also means that demand and supply shocks that were once confined to single regions may now have repercussions in more distant places as well.
As the role of gas in the energy system evolves, a narrow approach to gas security focusing on gas as a standalone fuel in an individual region is no longer appropriate. In this report we address two fundamental aspects of global gas security: how much slack is there in the global gas system? And how flexible are LNG markets in practice?
We aim to provide more transparency for LNG markets and assess the degree of flexibility they can provide in the event of a demand or supply shock in the global gas markets. The analysis builds on an extensive set of data and feedback from industry’s contacts across the world.

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